Mitigating impacts of fishing on pelagic ecosystems
15-18 Oct 2012 Montpellier (France)
Monday 15

› 15:05 - 15:25 (20min)
› Auditorium
Skipjack reproductive capacity in relation to energy reserves: is there an influence of the school type?
Maitane Grande  1, *@  , Hilario Murua  1@  , Nathalie Bodin  2@  , Iker Zudaire  1@  , Fabrice Pernet  3@  
1 : AZTI Tecnalia  (AZTI)  -  Website
Herrera kaia, Portualde, z/g 20110 Pasaia -  Spain
2 : IRD  (IRD)
Institut de recherche pour le d�loppement
Avenue Jean Monnet, BP171, 34203, Sete Cedex, France -  France
* : Corresponding author

The increasing use of these drifting man-made FADs in the skipjack fishery may have modified tuna habitat and raised questions about their potential effects on the biology and, hence, reproductive potential of the species. Therefore, this work aims to first investigate the skipjack tuna bioenergetics in relation to its maturation, and then to evaluate the potential effect of its associative behaviour (FADs vs. FSCs) on the energy allocation strategy and body condition. A total of 673 individuals were examined histologically for reproduction studies. Tissue sample collection (gonads, liver and white muscle) was done on 103 females for biochemical analysis. Tissue lipid class composition (i.e., SE- WE, KET, TAG, ST, AMPL and PL) was determined with an Iatroscan MK-6s (Iatron lab, Tokyo, Japan) after being extracted by the modified Folch method.


Total lipid concentrations were 14.2±8.0 µg/mg, 17.4±10.6 µg/mg and 5.3±4.7 µg/mg in gonads, liver and muscle of skipjacks, respectively. SE-WE and TAG results in gonads were highly variable in relation with the gonad maturation stages; indeed, they contributed to 32.4% of total lipids in immature females, and to 60.2% in  individuals being in spawning capable phase. While tuna white muscle is known to represent the main energy (or lipid) reserves, our results didn't highlight any relationship between total lipids or lipid class distribution in muscle and the gonad maturation stages.

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