Mitigating impacts of fishing on pelagic ecosystems
15-18 Oct 2012 Montpellier (France)
Thursday 18

› 17:30 - 17:50 (20min)
› Auditorium
Good practices to reduce the mortality of sharks and rays caught incidentally by the tropical tuna purse seiners.
Francois Poisson  1@  , Bernard Seret  2@  , Anne-Lise Vernet  3@  , Michel Goujon  3@  , Laurent Dagorn  4@  
1 : Institut Francais de Recherche pour l'Exploitation de la Mer  (Ifremer)  -  Website
UMR 12 EME Ecosystème marins exploités
B.P. 171 Avenue Jean Monnet 34200 Sète -  France
2 : Institut de Recherche pour le Développement  (IRD)
UMR 12 EME Ecosystème marins exploités
Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle Département Systématique et Evolution C.P. n° 51 55 rue Buffon 75231 Paris cedex 05 -  France
3 : Orthongel
Nouvelle criée bureau 10- Ep 127 29181 Concarneau cedex -  France
4 : Institut de Recherche pour le Développement  (IRD)
UMR 212, P.o. Box 570, Victoria -  Seychelles

The reduction of the bycatch mortality is an objective of the ecosystem approach to fisheries and a request by consumers.  The involvement and the participation of the resource users is necessary to develop efficient and practical mitigation techniques. Fishers handle animals as a part of their job duties and it is essential to identify good practices that ensure the safety of the crew and optimize the survival of the released animals. Combining scientific observations and fishers (French purse seine fleet) empirical knowledge, handling/release guidelines are proposed for sharks and rays, including large ones like whale sharks and manta rays incidentally caught by tropical tuna purse seine fleet vessels. New ideas emerging from scientists/fishers exchanges are also proposed although not yet tested. These best practices on decks of fishing vessels should contribute to reduce the fishing mortality of some vulnerable species.  Mitigation research is by definition an iterative process and different complementary methods must be carried out at the different steps of the fishing process to significantly reduce the mortality of these animals.

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